Renewable Energy Technology

About this Course

This course provides a description, including fundamentals, of the different renewable energy technologies, wind, solar, bio-energy, hydro and geothermal energy. It provides a general overview of the technologies and their applications.
Electricity generation from wave and tidal energy is not discussed. The use of this technology is less relevant for developing countries as mostly these technologies are still at the prototype stage. While these technologies are not fully proven yet, promising research and development is being conducted. The module also reviews the costs of the different technologies and discusses common technical and non-technical barriers and issues limiting the wide spread use/dissemination of renewable energy in developing countries. The information in this module is of general interest to explain the basics of renewable energy technologies, to understand their strengths and weaknesses and hence to have a better grasp of the benefits available from, and the barriers faced by, these technologies.





Wind Energy:


  • Understand the wind turbines working principles.
  • Learn the particularities of small wind turbines.
  • Use the sources of existing wind data.
  • Understand and use the existing tools to calculate the energy produced by a wind turbine.
  • Understand and learn the whole process to design a hybrid system.
  • Know about the situation of small wind technology.



Solar Energy:


  • To enable students to understand the basics of photovoltaic conversion, that is, as the sun's energy can be transformed into usable electricity and the key element needed for this transformation.
  • To know the main components of stand-alone photovoltaic systems and mini-grids, also their applications and basics sizing.
  • To introduce to solar radiation concepts and their influence in solar energy conversion.
  • To learn about the main components of grid-connected photovoltaic systems, the estimation of photovoltaic production and simulation.
  • Understand the solar energy resource available in a particular location, to determine the potential of using solar thermal energy.
  • Defining the typology of the solar thermal systems that can be installed at each site and for each application, identifying its main components.
  • Understand the operation of solar thermal systems and their integration in conventional energy systems.
  • Elementary define and design solar thermal systems.
  • Analyze the different operating modes and system automation and control.



Biogas Technology:


  • Bring closer and introduce students on the knowledge of Biogas showing its evolution over time in order to stimulate the implementation of this renewable energy.
  • Present the different types and characteristics of current biodegradable waste (agro industrial waste, manure, organic fraction of municipal waste, sewage sludge), available as a resource for biogas production and its current importance as an energy source.
  • Present the environmental and energy benefits that can be obtained with appropriate management of biodegradable waste. To enable students to identify the existing potential waste, the current use and the potential of biodegradable waste for biogas production. 
  • Study of biogas production process and raise awareness of the various types of existing anaerobic digesters, and the selection of the most appropriate depending on the characteristics of biodegradable waste to be treated. Teaching anaerobic digesters to application in rural developing countries.
  • Study the biogas generation process that occurs in landfill infrastructure. 
  • Studying the composition and characteristics of the biogas by showing the different applications that biogas currently has and the new technology developments that are taking place.
  • Perform an analysis of the most appropriate specific actions that should be carried out to promote the potential of biodegradable waste and biogas that can be used for thermal, electrical or other uses.





  • To understand the hydraulic resource available in a particular location, to determine the net head and the flow of equipment is evaluated 
  • Defining the typology of the hydroelectric power plant can be installed at each site, as well as all its components related to civil construction. 
  • Understand the operation of hydraulic turbines, the types that can be used and the process of selection of the optimal turbine. 
  • Define and design the electromechanical equipment of the plant. 
  • Analyze the different operating modes and system automation and control. 
  • To study the environmental impact involved in the installation of a hydro power plant.
  • Consider economic aspects and study the economic profitability.



Course CodeUNN/OC/0037
Course Start DateStarted
Course Duration1 Month
Dedication4 Hours per week
Number of Modules5
LevelLevel 3
School offering courseUNN Online School of Oil and Gas
Video/Audio MediaNone
Course Fee250000.00

  Naira (₦)      US Dollar ($)    

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Course Prerequisites / Requirements

You must posses a first degree certificate or a post graduate diploma to take this course. Once registered in this course, you will be required to complete activities such as assignments or quiz in order to proceed. The course has been structured in a way to promote ease of understanding. You must be dedicated in this course; you should spend at least an average of 2 hour per day on this course.